Planning for a Family: Know Your Options When Considering IVF Treatments

There are numerous infertility treatments for couples who have unsuccessfully tried to get a baby due to some fertility problem. Depending on who between the couple is affected, the common treatment options may include any of the following:

  1. Use of fertility drugs

If you are experiencing problems with ovulating, your doctor may recommend that you take a fertility drug such as clomiphene or gonadotropins to trigger the release of eggs during ovulation by regulating your reproductive hormones.

In terms of success rates of fertility drugs, up to 80 percent of women who take clomiphene experience successful ovulation in their first three months of treatment, with up to 40 percent conceiving by their third cycle of treatment.

  1. Surgery

Fertility doctors recommend surgery for women who are unable to get babies due to genetic defects, fibroids, blocked fallopian tubes, endometriosis tissue or polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS). Surgery can take the form of laparoscopy or laparotomy, the two commonly used surgical procedures for treating gynecological problems.

Though success rates of the surgical option vary, women who undertake it have up to 50 percent chance of getting a successful pregnancy.

  1. Intrauterine insemination, or IUI

In cases where your fertility doctor is unable to pinpoint the exact source of your fertility problem, he or she may recommend intrauterine insemination. This procedure involves directly depositing a concentrated amount of sperm into your uterus using a catheter that passes through the cervix. The sperm can either be from your partner or from a suitable donor. IUI normally has anywhere from 7 to 16 percent success rates for cases of unexplained infertility.

  1. Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI)

For male infertility, intracytoplasmic sperm injection can be recommended. This involves injecting a single sperm into a single egg and transferring the resulting embryo to the woman’s uterus. Normally, the man’s sperm is drawn from his testicle by means of a microscopic needle or surgical biopsy. The procedure usually fertilizes between 50 to 80 percent of eggs successfully.

  1. In Vitro Fertilization, or IVF

This is the most popular form of assisted reproductive technology (ART) that accounts for more than 99 percent of ART procedures. It involves extracting eggs from the woman and retrieving sperms from the man, then manually initiating fertilization by combining the egg and sperms in a laboratory. IVF may result in multiple embryos, one or two of which are then transferred to the uterus following a quality assessment.

This high-tech procedure can help you get a baby in case of any of the following problems:

  • In case of problems with egg quality or ovulation
  • If your fallopian tubes are blocked or damaged or even removed
  • If your partner has low sperm count or problems with motility
  • If you are seeking to get pregnant using donor eggs.
  • If your fertility doctor is unable to determine the fertility problem, a condition referred to as unexplained infertility.

In Vitro Fertilization is also often used by doctors such as as a last resort where other fertility treatments have been unsuccessful.

Last words

If you have been unsuccessful in getting pregnant, there might be some small problem standing on the way. Discuss your options with a fertility doctor today to have the problem solved ASAP.

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